USPSTF issues final recommendation on smoking cessation in adults

Clinicians should ask all adults about whether they smoke and advise them to stop if they do, according to a new recommendation from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. In addition, the final recommendation said that clinicians should provide appropriate cessation aids to patients who do use tobacco.

Clinicians should ask all adults about whether they smoke and advise them to stop if they do, according to a new recommendation from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. In addition, the final recommendation said that clinicians should provide appropriate cessation aids to patients who do use tobacco. "One of the most important steps people can take for their health is to quit smoking, or to never start. The good news is that there are many effective interventions to help people stop smoking," says Task Force chair Albert Siu, M.D. The task force recommends behavioral interventions and smoking cessation medications for adult tobacco users who are not pregnant. For pregnant women, the task force said that clinicians should ask about tobacco use, advise their patients to stop smoking, and provide behavioral interventions for cessation for those who use tobacco. The task force said that it needs more research regarding the use of smoking cessation drugs in pregnant women who smoke and regarding electronic nicotine delivery systems, including e-cigarettes. The final recommendations are published online in Annals of Internal Medicine and on the task force's web site.