CDC report finds more than a third of U.S adults have prediabetes and most unaware

Rate of new diabetes diagnoses remain steady

CDC’s latest report on diabetes in the United States, unveiled July 18, finds that 9.4% of the population, or 30.3 million Americans, have diabetes and more than a third of U.S. adults have prediabetes. The National Diabetes Statistics Report from CDC is released approximately every 2 years.

According to Jennifer Trujillo, PharmD, BCPS, one of findings that stood out to her in this year’s report was not only the high number of individuals with prediabetes, but the small percentage of prediabetes patients who know they have the condition.

“We still have a lot of work to do in terms of screening for and preventing diabetes,” said Trujillo, who is an associate professor at the University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

The report also found that more men (37%) had prediabetes than women (29%). Rates were similar among women and men across racial and ethnic groups and educational levels.

Overall, Trujillo said the data continue to show pharmacists and other health care providers that there is more work to do with prevention programs in high-risk and underserved populations.

Although diabetes rates are still increasing, the report finds that they are not growing as quickly as in previous years.

“Although these findings reveal some progress in diabetes management and prevention, there are still too many Americans with diabetes and prediabetes,” said CDC Director Brenda Fitzgerald, M.D., in a press statement.

Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the United States in 2015.

This year’s report also included county-level data for the first time, and it showed that the southern and Appalachian areas of the United States bear a heavier burden of diabetes.

In June, CDC released another extensive report, this time on the health of the nation over the past 40 years, including changes in disease prevalence and trends in health care delivery.

Some of the highlights include a decline in cigarette smoking between 1974 and 2015 from 37% to 16% among those 25 and over; a steady rise in obesity from 23% in 1988–1994 to 38% in 2013–2014, adjusted for age of adults 20 and over; and an increase in prescription drug use for all age groups between 1988–94 and 2013–14.