A new report from UNAIDS points to the increase in HIV treatment access and highlights the right to health as the key to ending AIDS. According to the report, whereas 685,000 people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy in 2000, that figure had increased to 20.9 million by June 2017. Key challenges now include ensuring that the 17.1 million people in need of treatment can access the medicines and putting HIV prevention back at the top of public health programming. The Right to Health report notes that the individuals most marginalized in society and most affected by HIV still face significant challenges in accessing the health and social services they need. In addition, the report gives a clear demonstration of the obstacles ahead in efforts to end the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030, as outlined in the 2016 United Nations Political Declaration on Ending AIDS. To reduce new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths and ensure access to essential health services, funding for health needs to increase, the report says. The funding gap for HIV is estimated at $7 billion by 2020.